To the contrary, the government they devised was defective from the start, requiring several amendments, a civil war, and momentous social transformation to attain the system of constitutional government, and its respect for the individual freedoms and human rights, we hold as fundamental today. To make the compromise even more palatable, customs duties would be imposed at up to ten dollars per slave as a means of raising public revenues. As someone who relishes the ability to do and say whatever I please, independence is a concept near and dear to my heart! I plan to celebrate the bicentennial of the Constitution as a living document, including the Bill of Rights and the other amendments protecting individual freedoms and human rights. before the l3th Amendment could be adopted to abolish slavery, though not the consequences slavery would have for future Americans. They could not have imagined, nor would they have accepted, that the document they were drafting would one day be construed by a Supreme Court to which had been appointed a woman and the descendent of an African slave. Politicians and Judges around the country were praising the “founding Fathers” for their genius at writing a document that established the guiding legal principles of the republic for generations. Name: _____ Date: _____This speech Thurgood Marshall gave in 1987 was part of theconstitutional bicentennial celebration. They arose from the contradiction between guaranteeing liberty and justice to all, and denying both to Negroes. In its place arose a new, more promising basis for justice and equality, the 14th Amendment, ensuring protection of the life, liberty, and property of all persons against deprivations without due process, and guaranteeing equal protection of the laws. When the Founding Fathers used this phrase in 1787, they did not have in mind the majority of America's citizens. The economic interests of the regions coalesced: New Englanders engaged in the “carrying trade” would profit from transporting slaves from Africa as well as goods produced in America by slave labor. THURGOOD MARSHALL. Even these ringing phrases from the Declaration of Independence are filled with irony, for an early draft of what became that Declaration assailed the King of England for suppressing legislative attempts to end the slave trade and for encouraging slave rebellions. We will see that the true miracle was not the birth of the Constitution, but its life, a life nurtured through two turbulent centuries of our own making, and a life embodying much good fortune that was not. Thurgood Marshall was a great African American Civil Rights activist who changed a lot of lives in the United States. Even these ringing phrases from the Declaration of Independence are filled with irony, for an early draft of what became that Declaration assailed the King of England for suppressing legislative attempts to end the slave trade and for encouraging slave rebellions. No doubt it will be said, when the unpleasant truth of the history of slavery in America is mentioned during this bicentennial year, that the Constitution was a product of its times, and embodied a compromise which, under other circumstances, would not have been made. Chicago, Ill., July 13, 1942. They arose from the contradiction between guaranteeing liberty and justice to all, and denying both to Negroes. At the Convention he objected that And yet almost another century would pass before any significant recognition was obtained of the rights of black Americans to share equally even in such basic opportunities as education, housing, and employment, and to have their votes counted, and counted equally. 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